Urology Conditions

Potomac Urology diagnoses and treats many urological conditions for patients in the Northern Virginia area.


Urological Oncology


Urological oncology is one of the most important conditions to treat in the field. It deals with all cancers related to urology, including prostate cancer, kidney cancer, and bladder cancer mainly. These cancers are in the top 6 cancers in men, specifically.

Prostate Cancer

The causes of prostate cancer, as with other cancers, are broad and complex. There is no single perspective on what causes prostate cancer. There are, however, certain factors that are associated with an increased risk of developing prostate cancer such as age, genetics, diet, and lifestyle.

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Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is slightly more common in men and is usually diagnosed between the ages of 50 and 70 years. It is important to realize that with early diagnosis and treatment, kidney cancer can be cured.

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Bladder Cancer

The bladder is a hollow organ that stores urine. It is located inside the lower abdomen, is about the size of a grapefruit and is distensible (elastic) which allows its muscular wall to get larger and smaller. Bladder cancer is a disease in which cancer cells form in the tissues of the bladder.

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Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is most likely treatable and most often curable. It is the most common cancer in men 15 to 34 years old. 

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Reproductive Health


A very common group of conditions that urology covers is reproductive health. This is anything relating to a male’s ability to reproduce, but can also include family/female reproductive health concerns if applicable. Reproductive health conditions include low testosterone, erectile dysfunction, and also infertility. 

Low Testosterone

Almost all men experience a drop in testosterone as they age. However, an extreme loss of testosterone can lead to many side effects such as fatigue, low sex drive, and mood changes.

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Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is nothing to be embarrassed about and is usually easily treated. The first step is to talk to your doctor and learn your options.

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Male Infertility

About 35% of all infertility issues are caused by the male reproductive system, so it’s not uncommon and definitely not just a woman’s issue. It’s important to get tested if you believe you may be infertile.

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Peyronie’s Disease

When scar tissue develops under the skin of the penis due to trauma or minor injury, Peyronie’s disease may occur. As the scar tissue forms in the penis may become bent or indented during an erection, which can cause increasing pain.

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Incontinence and Urinary Issues


Many people experience urinary incontinence, both men and women. Additionally, we also treat conditions such as Kidney Stones and BPH, which can cause issues with your urinary tract and bladder health. 

Stress Urinary Incontinence

This is actually a common issue for women more than men and can cause leaky bladders and overwhelming urges to urinate or false alarms.

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Female Urinary Incontinence

Kidney Stones

Kidney Stones are formations of acid salts and minerals that can be caused by a number of things. Learn their causes, symptoms and how to treat them before they become a big problem.

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BPH (Enlarged Prostate)

The prostate always enlarges as you get older, but it may get to a point where it can cause issues urinating. It’s important to note BPH and prostate cancer are not related.

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Urinary Tract Infection

A Urinary tract infection, or a UTI, is an infection in the urinary system that is typically found in the bladder. Urinary tract infections are more often found in women than men.

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Urinary Tract Infections

Overactive Bladder

Overactive bladder happens mostly in women but may occur in men. Aging, an enlarged prostate, and diabetes are all risk factors.

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Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when muscles and ligaments in the pelvic floor are stretched or become too weak to hold the organs in the pelvis in their proper place.

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Hematuria

Seeing blood in your urine can be alarming. While in many instances the cause is harmless, blood in urine (hematuria) can indicate a serious disorder.

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Interstitial Cystitis

Interstitial cystitis, also called painful bladder syndrome, is a chronic condition causing bladder pressure, bladder pain and sometimes pelvic pain. The pain ranges from mild discomfort to severe.

Learn More about Interstitial Cystitis