Prostate Cancer Treatment in Alexandria, VA
It is the second-leading cause of cancer death for men in the United States.
The board-certified urologists at Potomac Urology specialize in the treatment and diagnosis of prostate cancer. If you’re experiencing symptoms of prostate cancer, contact us today to schedule an appointment in Alexandria or Woodbridge. Give our office a call at (703) 680-2111 or request an appointment through our secure online form.
Prostate cancer cells can spread by breaking away from a prostate tumor. They can travel through blood vessels or lymph vessels to reach other parts of the body.
The prostate the size of a walnut and goes all the way around a tube called the urethra. The main job of the prostate is to make fluid for semen.
What are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?
In its early stages, prostate cancer often has no symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they can be like those of an enlarged prostate or BPH.
What are Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer?
These associations may increase the risk of developing prostate cancer:
- Age: Most prevalent in men aged 55-79 years
- Ethnicity: African–Americans are in the highest risk group.
- Family history: 2 to 11 times more at–risk
- Smoking: risk may double for heavy smokers
- World area: higher in North America and Northern Europe
How is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed?
The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test is the main method for screening for prostate cancer. This blood test measures the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. PSA is a protein made only by the prostate gland.
A rapid rise in PSA may be a sign that something is wrong. While many conditions can cause an elevated PSA, prostate cancer is the most serious cause of a high PSA result.
The digital rectal examination (DRE) is done to examine the prostate via the rectum.
Who Should Get Screened?
- Between 55–69 years old
- Have a family history of prostate cancer
Prostate biopsy is done with an ultrasound to determine if you have prostate cancer. You are instructed to take an enema and antibiotics before the biopsy. You receive local anesthesia followed by 12-14 biopsies being taken.
After a biopsy, you may have blood in the ejaculate, urine and stool. This stops within a few days for urine and a few weeks for semen.
What Are The Stages of Prostate Cancer?
The most common grading system is called the Gleason score. The lowest score usually found is 5 (less aggressive) and the highest is 10 (most aggressive).
Tumor stage shows the size and spread of the cancer.
Prostate cancer may spread into nearby tissues. You may need to have a CT scan, an MRI scan, or a bone scan to fully evaluate your prostate cancer.
What is the Survival Rate for Prostate Cancer?
Today, 99% of men with prostate cancer live at least 5 years. But only 33% survive 5 years if their cancer is diagnosed after it has spread to other parts of the body.
How is Prostate Cancer Treated?
Active surveillance is important an important step in prostate cancer treatment. Your urologist should monitor your PSA and DRE, and perform biopsies every 6 months to 1 year. This strategy is used for men who are very low risk or low risk. Additional curative treatment may be required if the disease is noted to progress.
Watchful waiting is often confused with active surveillance. Your urologist will monitor the cancer and ONLY begin treatment if symptoms develop. This option is not curative.
A prostatectomy is a procedure where your urologist will remove the prostate and lymph nodes. This procedure can be done open, laparoscopically, or robotically.
Sometimes used in conjunction with hormone therapy, this treatment can be used if the cancer has spread outside of the prostate gland or for cases in which the cancer has come back after surgery. There are multiple types of radiation therapy that can be used including External Beam, Brachytherapy, and Intensity Modulated.
Cryotherapy is used in treating early-stage prostate cancer and reoccurring cancer. This treatment basically freezes the prostate to destroy it.
Hormone therapy lowers the occurrence of male hormones, stopping them from having an effect on the prostate gland’s cancerous cells. It may be used with radiation or if cancer has spread outside the prostate
Chemotherapy is effective for treating cancers that have spread. Anti-cancer medications are given either orally or intravenously. Chemotherapy is typically used in later-stage cases of prostate cancer.
What Happens After Treatment?
Erectile Dysfunction (ED) Issues after Prostate Cancer Treatment
After prostate cancer, men can experience various side effects including erectile dysfunction and depends on:
- Sexual function before treatment
- Stage of the cancer
- Whether the nerves that control erection were saved
Incontinence Issues after Prostate Cancer Treatment
Incontinence is the inability to control your urine and may sometimes occur after treatment for prostate cancer. You may need to wear a pad for a few weeks to months. Usually, incontinence does not last long. But it can last as long as six to twelve months. Most men will recover urinary control.
Schedule Your Prostate Cancer Consultation at Potomac Urology
For more information on Prostate Cancer Treatment in the Alexandria, VA area call Potomac Urology at (703) 680-2111 today!